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" The expenditure of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as play or rest. 2. External control and the threat of punishment are not the only means for bringing about effort toward organizational objectives. Man will exercise self-direction and... "
Nominations Before the Senate Armed Services Committee, First Session, 107th ... - Page 73
by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services - 1961 - 1869 pages
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Instructors Journal, Volume 9, Issues 1-2

1971 - 162 pages
...Y • The expenditure of physical and mental effort in learning is as natural as play or rest. • External control and the threat of punishment are not the only means for bringing about effort toward obtaining knowledge. Man will exercise self-control and self-direction...
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Perspectives in Defense Management

1967 - 76 pages
...responsibility, nan relatively little ambition, wants security above all." A "Theory T" person believes that: "(1) The expenditure of physical and mental effort...and the threat of punishment are not the only means for bringing about effort towaril organizational objectives. Man will exercise self-direction and self-control...
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Human Resources Development: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Government ...

United States. Congress. Senate. Government Operations - 1968 - 316 pages
...wishes to avoid responsibility, has relatively little ambition, wants security. Theory Y holds that — 1. The expenditure of physical and mental effort in...and the threat of punishment are not the only means for bringing about effort toward organizational objectives. Man will exercise self-direction and self-control...
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Strategic Management of Teams

David I. Cleland - 1996 - 312 pages
...security above all.7 Theory Y assumptions about human behavior are in dramatic contrast to these: L The expenditure of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as play or rest. The average human being does not inherently dislike work. Depending on controllable conditions, work...
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Kellogg's Six-hour Day

Benjamin Kline Hunnicutt - 1996 - 276 pages
...assumptions: "Theory Y." Like Theory X, it had a first postulate from which its other principles flowed: the "expenditure of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as play and rest. The average human being does not inherently dislike work. Depending upon controllable conditions,...
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150 Things You Should Know About Security

Louis Tyska, Lawrence Fennelly, Louis Tyska, CPP - 1997 - 244 pages
...responsibility, has relatively little ambition, and wants security above all. Theory Y holds that: The expenditure of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as play and rest. External control and the threat of punishment are not the only means for bringing about effort...
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The Leader's Handbook: Making Things Happen, Getting Things Done

Peter R. Scholtes - 1997 - 436 pages
...sticks would make no sense. Theory Y assumptions: The integration of individual and organizational goals 1. The expenditure of physical and mental effort in...and the threat of punishment are not the only means for bringing about effort toward organizational objectives. People will exercise self-direction and...
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Corporate Futures: The Diffusion of the Culturally Sensitive Corporate Form

George E. Marcus - 1998 - 376 pages
...to get them to put forward adequate effort," McGregor wrote. Theory Y, by contrast, assumes (1) that the expenditure of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as in play or rest — the typical human doesn't inherently dislike work; (2) external control and threat...
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The Realities of Management: A View from the Trenches

Royce L. Callaway - 1999 - 246 pages
...organizational goals. This new approach to management he called Theory Y, and its basic assumptions are: 1 . The expenditure of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as play or rest. The average human being does not inherently dislike work. 2. External control and the threat of punishment...
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Beyond Reductionism: Gateways for Learning and Change

Neil Douglas, Terry Wykowski - 1999 - 270 pages
...relatively little ambition and wants security above all." Theory Y assumptions, on the other hand, include "The expenditure of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as play or rest. Man will exercise self direction and self control in the service of objectives to which he is committed."...
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