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McClelland, D. C., 66n, 259, 263, 269
McCrory, J. T., 273-274
McCulloch, M., 323

McDougall, W., 185

Mead, M., 206n, 209n, 261n, 275n
Mehta, S. D., 176n, 187n

Merton, R. K., 16n

Miller, A. R., 23n, 26n

Moore, W. E., 5n, 7n, 8n, 12n, 13n, 16n,
20n, 22n, 23n, 27n, 30n, 34n, 37n, 40n,
41n, 42n, 44n, 51n, 52n, 53n, 66n, 67-
68, 79n, 123–124, 125n, 136, 171, 172,
186, 188, 212, 225, 229, 260-262, 265n,
278n-279n, 291n, 292n, 304n, 356n,
357n

Moorehead, A., 334n
Morin, A. J., 59n
Morison, T., 269n

Morris, M. D., 176n, 182n, 196n, 199n,
220, 223, 230, 264n, 304n-305n, 362,
366-367

Morse, N. C., 51n

Mukerjee, R., 179-180, 266n, 269n
Mukerji, D. P., 298n

Murdock, G. P., 81, 82n, 87n, 89n, 314n

Myers, C. A., 23n, 45n, 174n, 189n, 195n,
199n

Myrdal, G., 6n

Nakamura, H., 274n

Nash, M., 66, 228, 229, 261n, 284, 317n,

318n, 363

Nehru, J., 232

Neumann, S., 368n

Neumark, S. D., 232-233

Nurkse, R., 203, 250

Odaka, K., 261n

Olds, J., lln

O'Malley, L. S. S., 175n

Ornati, O. A., 174n, 188n, 196n, 292n,

298n, 303n, 304n, 305n

Oshima, H., 38n

Palmer, G. L., 23n, 26n

Parmer, J. N., 303n, 304n

Parsons, T., 6n, 7n, 8n, 11n, 15n, 32n,

41n, 44n, 47n, 5ln, 67n, 79n, 278n,
279n, 364n

Pearson, H. W., 42n, 217n

Piers, G., 275n

Pillai, P. P., 175n, 179n

Polanyi, K., 42n, 217, 222, 226
Pollock, F., 221n

Power, E., 229n

Powlison, K., 16n

Prabhu, P. N., 183n, 208n, 213n
Radcliffe-Brown, A. R., 313n-314n
Redfield, R., 25n, 317n

Reynolds, L. G., 52n, 138n
Richards, A. I., 208n, 209n, 251
Riesman, D., 29n

Roberts, L. J., 206n, 207n
Roethlisberger, F. J., 14n, 16n
Rogoff, N., 46n
Rottenberg, S., 49n

Saltz, B. R., 261n
Saposs, D. J., 298n
Schneider, E. V., 16n
Schnore, L. F., 28n
Schumpeter, J. A., 45n
Schurmann, H. F., 354n
Scott, J. C., 194n

Shih, Kuo-Heng, 261n
Shils, E. A., 79n
Shister, J., 52n
Simon, H. A., 34n
Simpson, G., 28n

Simpson, K., 6n

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Africa, 48, 100, 127, 131, 132, 244, 248, 291,
292, 315, 326, 328, 331, 332, 335, 342;
Central, 129, 329, 334, 350; East, 128-
129, 133-134, 233, 238, 240ff., 256, 313,
322-324, 329, 334, 350, 357; North, 297;
South, 129, 133-134, 233, 334, 350-351,
354-356; Sub-Saharan, 127, 355; West,
102, 113, 114, 128, 130, 132, 334n, 336,
342, 344

Age, in relation to commitment, 148, 149
Agni Purana, 267

Agriculture, 361; commercialization of,
215; and commitment, 354; develop-
ment of, 127; improvements in, 127;
productivity of, 128; and surpluses,

355

Ahmadabad, 269

American Philosophical Society, 173n
Anglo-Indians, 190, 194

Angola, 128, 133

Anti-industrialism, 49

Asia, 244; Southeast, 104, 291
Athens, 220

Attitudes: toward machines, 21-24; to-
ward money, income, and work, in
Cantel, 319; possessive, 24; see also
Education; Norms

Australia, 233, 234, 240

Authority, 33-35, 364; continuity of, and
commitment, 37-38, 39-40; fallacies
concerning continuity of, 38-39; func-
tional legitimation of, 35-36; and

"state" of the labor force, 37, 40;
structure of the Mossi, 112, 120; sys-
tem, 33-35, 39-40; traditional, 37-38,
364

Baganda, 246–252, 254-257, 287
Bamako, 113

Bantu, 350, 358
Bantu ethic, 349

Bantu languages, 247n, 253
Banyarwanda, 134
Banyas, 220
Basoga, 247n

Basutoland, 133

Bazaar economy, 337-343, 346
Bechuanaland, 133

Belgium, Government of, 134
Bengalis, 230

Bias, of investigators, in favor of indus-
trialization, 3

Bihar, 173, 194; Government of, 177n,
179n

Biharis, 230

Bobo-Dioulasso, 113

Bombay City, 173, 179, 181–182, 184-187,
193, 200, 213

Bombay Labour Gazette, 195n

Bombay Province, 176

Bomi Hills, 127

Brahmans, 183-184, 190, 191, 265

British American Tobacco Co., 242-243
British Columbia, 102

Buganda Kingdom, 247-250, 252
Burma, 93-94

Business transactions, 56, 58; factors in,
58-59
Busoga, 247n

Calcutta, 178

Cameroons, 342

Cameroons Development Corporation,
127

Canada, 233, 234

Canadian Indians, 102

Cantel, Guatemala, 316-322

Capital: allocation of, 211; formation,

202; and investment, 97, 106-107; risk,
361; see also Industrialism and In-

dustrialization

Caste, 295; and communalism, 230; in
India, 182-184, 191, 264-265; see also
Race and caste
Caughnawaga, 104

Center for Advanced Study in the Be-
havioral Sciences, 258n

Ceylon, 206n, 233

Chettiars, 274

Chhattisgarh districts, 176, 178n

China, 222, 241, 327, 354, 367

Chota Nagpur plateau, 175

Christianity, 247, 328, 330, 334, 346

Christians, 183

Ciskei, 354

Clothing, see Consumption

Colonialism, 326-331; of Western powers,
341

Commercial economies, 335-336
Communication, 109-110, 129; failure of,
116-118

Company town, 42

Conflict, 6, 16–17, 51, 122, 291-312, 342;
of values, 7

Congo, 355, 357; Belgian, 127, 328, 354
Consumers: commitment of, 60, 61;

family as, 61; types of, 55, 56; see also
Consumption; Markets and marketing
Consumption: and capital formation,
202; of clothing, 208-209; and com-
mitment, 202; composition of, 201-216;
and durable goods, 209-212; expendi-
tures, 205-214; of food, 205-208;
imitative, 203, 208-209, 212-213; 215;
and leisure, 212-213; rural and urban
differences in, 201, 206-207; and social
services, 213-214; and urbanization,
203

Cooperation, of African labor, 130

Copper Belt, Rhodesia, 127, 132, 354, 355
Corruption, 340n, 341

Cottage industries, 223, 361–362

Crafts: in India, 258-276; see also Skill

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Economic growth and development, 5-8,
258-259; and culture, 203-204; under
democratic controls, 65; differences in
reaction to, 128; and entrepreneurs,
98; first stages of, 106; as means and
as end, 6; and nationalism, 356;
political participation during, 73;
production and consumption increases
in, 96; sequence of primary identifica-
tion in, 69; under totalitarian con-
trols, 65

Education: as agency of status mobility,
71-72; attitudes toward, in India, 190-
191; and commitment, 139; in de-
veloping areas, 72; expansion of, 72;
and industry, 150; levels of, 71; and
nationalism, 336; in transitional so-
cieties, 71; vocational, 105
Egypt, 241

Elisabethville, 357

Elites: managerial, 358; technical, 71
Ellora, 268

Ends, valuation of, 107

Engel's Law, 205

England, 25n, 186, 197, 213, 226-227, 229,
238-240, 244, 255, 256-257, 258, 263,
270, 275, 354, 356
English language, 184, 257
Entrepreneurs, 45, 234-237, 363; bazaar,
337-339; goals of, 98; need of, for
labor, 98; political, 326, 332-334, 338-
339, 341-347, 355; private, 326, 333;
rewards of, 98; social roles of, 97; types
of, 91

Equity, 68
Eskimos, 204

Europe, 240; medieval, 220, 222, 229;
Southern, 216; Western, 229-230, 235
Expatriate firms, 342, 344

Factory system, 14–15

Family and kinship, 313, 336; as agen-
cies of change, 66-67; and bazaar
economies, 337-338; characteristics,
313-314; in commitment to wage work,
67, 324; and control of money, 324-
325; corporate and noncorporate kin-
ship, 315-316; in East Africa, 322, 324;
fractured kinship, 322-323; in Gua-
temala, 316; in India, 264-266; in in-
dustrialization, 314-317, 363; joint
family, 227-228; in Kenya, 355; among
the Mossi, 115; norms, 67; nuclear
family, 317-319; paternal domination,
319-320; in Puerto Rico, 151, 168;
role of, in commitment, 67, 324, 354;
strains on, 66-67; in successful adapta-
tion to wage work, 317; systems, 66,
67, 130; traditional, decline of, 300-
301; transformation of, 66; in West
Africa, 130

Far East, 127

Farms, in Uganda, 245; see also Agri-
culture

Feudalism, 294

Flow, process of, 31
Food, see Consumption

Ford Foundation: Foreign Area Train-
ing Fellowship Program, 173n; Inter-
national Planning Team, 271n, 272n
Foreign exchange, 211

France, 116-117
Free market, 56

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Human Relations Area Files, 82n
Ideology, of management, 40
Imperialism, see Colonialism
Incentive, to wage labor, 134
Income, and prestige goods, 205
India, 173-200, 213, 220, 222-230, 232,

233, 241, 256, 258-276, 367; Govern-
ment of, Planning Commission, 271n
Indian Economic Association, 225n
Indian Factory Labour Commission,
174n

Indian Industrial Commission, 191n
Indian Labour Year Book, 195n
Indigenous workers, 123

Industrial Relations Research Associa-
tion, 51n, 196n, 304n
Industrialism and industrialization, 92-
108, 260-263, 327-328, 332, 341, 345-
347, 348-350, 355, 360-365, 367-368;
in aristocratic tribes, 357; capital de-
velopments necessary for, 48; and com-
mitment, 356; definition of, 13; de-
velopment of, 127; geographic dis-
tance, as factor in, 357; impact of,
299; in India, 272, 275-276, 317; in-
ternal diversification in, 76; and kin-

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