A Study of Thinking
Transaction Publishers, 1986 M01 1 - 330 pages
A Study of Thinking is a pioneering account of how human beings achieve a measure of rationality in spite of the constraints imposed by bias, limited attention and memory, and the risks of error imposed by pressures of time and ignorance. First published in 1956 and hailed at its appearance as a groundbreaking study, it is still read three decades later as a major contribution to our understanding of the mind. In their insightful new introduction, the authors relate the book to the cognitive revolution and its handmaiden, artificial intelligence.
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As we are facing the AI, we feeling strongly the language types are limiting us. The limitation means understanding formal and natural language in both. This book present this limitation to us as the first prevail of AI encountered.
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able alternative appear appropriate array asked attainment attribute values basis behavior called chapter choice choose cognitive color combinations common concept concerned consequences Consider consistent contained context contingencies correct course criterial cues culture decision defining defining attributes described determine direct discriminable disjunctive effect eliminates encountered English example expect experiment experimenter fact figure final focus focussing four frequency functional given hypothesis ideal identity illustrative important individual inference interesting involved kind language lead learning less linguistic matter means nature negative instances objects occur one's outcome particular pattern person phonemes positive instances possible predict present probability problem properties provides Psychol psychology question reference relation relevant response rules sense single situation speech strategy subjects successive task things thinking tion turn utilization utterance validation varied
Page vii - We may insist as much as we like that the human intellect is weak in comparison with human instincts, and be right in doing so. But nevertheless there is something peculiar about this weakness. The voice of the intellect is a soft one, but it does not rest until it has gained a hearing.
References to this book
James G. March,Herbert Alexander Simon
Snippet view - 1958
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The Language of Thought
Jerry A. Fodor
Snippet view - 1976