U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973 - 636 pages
The Commission recommends specific standards in pursuit of the achievement of six major goals for the improvement of the American correctional system. The American correctional system today appears to offer minimum protection for the public and maximum harm to the offender. The National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals, in its report on corrections, has proposed about 140 standards designed to change that situation. The standards spell out in detail where, why, how, and what improvements can and should be made in the corrections segment of the criminal justice system. This report is a reference work for the correctional professional as well as for the interested layman. Among its goals, the commission urges that disparities in sentencing be removed and justice in corrections be upheld by measures guaranteeing offenders' rights during and after incarceration. The scope of corrections can, and should, be narrowed by diverting many juveniles and sociomedical cases (alcoholics, drug addicts, prostitutes, and the mentally disturbed) to noncorrectional treatment programs and by decriminalizing certain minor offenses such as public drunkenness and vagrancy. Another goal states that probation should become the standard criminal sentence, retaining confinement chiefly for dangerous offenders and releasing a majority of offenders to improved and extended community-based programs. Corrections should undergo a planned integration into the total criminal justice system with each state unifying all correctional functions and programs for adults and juveniles within its executive branch.
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action activities administrative adult agencies alternatives American applicable appropriate areas assistance Association authority basis centers classification Commission committed confinement considered continue convicted correctional correctional agency counsel court crime criminal justice decisions Delinquency Department designed detention determine diversion effective efforts Enforcement established evaluation existing facilities Federal function goals Government hearing implementing imposed increase individual inmates institutions interest involved jails judge judicial jurisdiction justice system juvenile legislation limited major ment objectives offenders officer operation organization parole participation percent personnel persons planning police possible practices present pretrial prison probation problems procedures programs protection reasonable recommendations References release responsibility result role rules sentencing serve social specific staff standards supervision tion tional treatment trial violation Washington youth
Page 114 - ... (b) In determining which conditions of release will reasonably assure appearance, the judicial officer shall, on the basis of available information, take into account the nature and circumstances of the offense charged, the weight of the evidence against the accused, the...
Page 439 - The expenditure of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as play or rest. The average human being does not inherently dislike work. 2. External control and the threat of punishment are not the only means for bringing about effort toward organizational objectives. Man will exercise self-direction and self-control in the service of objectives to which he is committed.
Page 439 - The average human being has an inherent dislike of work and will avoid it if he can. 2. Because of this human characteristic of dislike of work, most people must be coerced, controlled, directed, threatened with punishment to get them to put forth adequate effort toward the achievement of organizational objectives.
Page 395 - Court, include (a) written notice of the claimed violations of parole; (b) disclosure to the parolee of evidence against him; (c) opportunity to be heard in person and to present witnesses and documentary evidence; (d) the right to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses (unless the hearing officer specifically finds good cause for not allowing confrontation); (e) a "neutral and detached...
Page 439 - The capacity to exercise a relatively high degree of imagination, ingenuity, and creativity in the solution of organizational problems is widely, not narrowly, distributed in the population.
Page 102 - HAMPSHIRE NEW JERSEY NEW MEXICO NEW YORK N. CAROLINA N. DAKOTA OHIO OKLAHOMA OREGON PENNSYLVANIA RHODE ISLAND S.
Page 413 - Such an inquiry should be seen as in the nature of a "preliminary hearing" to determine whether there is probable cause or reasonable grounds to believe that the arrested parolee has committed acts which would constitute a violation of parole conditions.
Page 463 - The refusal to hire a woman because of her sex, based on assumptions of the comparative employment characteristics of women in general. For example, the assumption that the turnover rate among women is higher than among men.
Page 124 - We hold, consequently, that a person charged by a State U'ith a criminal offense who is committed solely on account of his incapacity to proceed to trial cannot be held more than the reasonable period of time necessary to determine whether there is a substantial probability that he will attain that capacity in the foreseeable future.
Page 428 - Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, State-Local Relations in the Criminal Justice System, chapter V, "The Public's Role in Law Enforcement