Against Lord and State: Religion and Peasant Uprisings in Malabar, 1836-1921
Oxford University Press, 1989 - 232 pages
Arguing against the generally held view that the Mappila uprisings of Malabar resulted either from communal tension or agrarian discontent, this book analyzes the complex interrelationships between economic discontent and religious ideology in which the conflicts were rooted. Panikkar delineates the evolution of a negative class consciousness among the rural Hindu Mappilas from the early years of British rule to the final and decisive 1921 uprising against the lord and state.
The Making of a Tradition
Quest for a Solution
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action activities actual administration agrarian areas army authority became become British Calicut cause cent collected conference Congress considerable course courts cultivator Dept district effective Ernad eviction evidence existing fact factor followers forced Haji hand held Hindu Ibid immediate important improvement incidents increase influence initial instance interests janmis July kanakkar Kerala Khilafat killed Kottayam labourers land landlords leaders legislation limited Logan Madras magistrate major Malabar Manjeri Mappilas March Maulavi measures meetings Menon Moplah mosque movement murder Musaliar Muslim Nair nature nineteenth century observed officials oppression outbreaks participants particularly peasantry peasants period police political poor population possible reason rebellion rebels relations religious rent Report revenue revolt rural Sept share social suggested Table taken taluk Tangal tenants Tirurangadi took traditional uprisings village Walluvanad
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