Against Lord and State: Religion and Peasant Uprisings in Malabar, 1836-1921

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Oxford University Press, 1989 - 232 pages
Arguing against the generally held view that the Mappila uprisings of Malabar resulted either from communal tension or agrarian discontent, this book analyzes the complex interrelationships between economic discontent and religious ideology in which the conflicts were rooted. Panikkar delineates the evolution of a negative class consciousness among the rural Hindu Mappilas from the early years of British rule to the final and decisive 1921 uprising against the lord and state.

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The Making of a Tradition
Quest for a Solution

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