The materialist conception of nature
Contributions of Engels and Childe
The slave mode of production and The feudal mode
Historical tendency of capitalist accumulation
Extracts from The Communist Manifesto
Extract from A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy
History or technological determinism?
The reality of structural change
Class society and the state
Alternative class theories
The economic base of the withering away of the state
Does social evolution offer hope for the future?
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advance agriculture animals become bourgeois bourgeoisie Brenner called capitalism capitalist century claim Communism Communist countries course created critical democracy democratic determinism direct distinct dominant economic effect empire Engels equal example existence explain exploitation fact feudal hand historical historical materialism human ideas important improvement increase individual industry inevitable institutions interests kind labour land later laws lead least less limited living lords major Marx Marxist materialism means mode of production motion nature organization peasants period political possible present primitive principle problems productive forces progress proletariat question relations remained result revolution revolutionary ruling slave slavery social socialist society specific stage structure struggle surplus theory tion trade transformation transition tribes universal whole women workers York