Islam and Democracy: State-society Relations in Developing Countries, 1980-1994

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Psychology Press, 2000 - 249 pages
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Islam and Democracydeals with the pertinent issues of democracy, state-society relations, civil society, and Islam in developing countries and attempts to integrate the recent literature on civil society in the Middle East with the mainstream political science debate on democracy. This study makes use of political science theory and methodology as well as an area-study approach to draw conclusions on the prospects for democratization in developing countries in general. The study further challenges explanations of prospects for the democratization of state grounded on the cultural traits of each society, arguing that culture becomes an important factor in the struggle for democracy only when it contributes to either concentration or dispersion of social, economic, and political resources. (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona, 1993; revised with new preface, bibliography, and index)
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
DEMOCRACY
33
43
71
THEORIES AND MEASURES
77
STATESOCIETY POWER RESOURCES
89
Measures of Democratization in this Study
95
Conclusion
104
ISLAM CIVIL SOCIETY
115
Prospects for Democratization
147
Notes
154
EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
163
GNP Per Capita
169
ShouldBe Democracies Predicted Scores
189
Measures of Organizational Unity of Labor
223
APPENDIX I
229
Vital Statistics
237

Ideological Currents in Islam
126
Current Ideological Struggle Within Islam
133
The Imperative of Institutionalized
140

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