The Therapeutic State: Justifying Government at Century's End

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NYU Press, 1998 - 395 pages

The United States has always been profoundly conflicted about the role and utility of its government. Simmering just beneath the surface of heated public discussions over the appropriate scope and size of government are foundational questions about the very purpose of the state, and the basis of its authority. America's changing and diversifying cultural climate makes common agreement about the government's raison d'ĂȘtre all the more difficult.
In The Therapeutic State, James Nolan shows us how these unresolved dilemmas have coalesced at century's end. Today the American state, faced with a steady decline in public confidence, has embraced a therapeutic code of moral understanding to legitimize its very existence.
By ranging widely across education, criminal justice, welfare, political rhetoric, and civil law, Nolan convincingly illustrates how the state increasingly turns to the therapeutic ethos as a justification for its programs and policies, a development that will profoundly influence the relationship between government and citizenry. In a tone refreshingly free of polemic, Nolan charts the dialectic relationship between culture and politics and, against the backdrop of striking historical contrasts, gives example after example of the emergence of therapeutic sensibilities in the processes of the American state.

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Contents

Legitimation of the State
22
Civil Case Law
46
Reported Personal Injury Cases New York and California
54
Criminal Justice
77
Public Education
128
Welfare Policy
182
The Clarence Thomas and Anita Hill
226
Political Rhetoric
235
The Therapeutic State
280
Appendixes
309
Notes
329
Selected References
383
Index
391
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About the author (1998)

James L. Nolan, Jr. is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Williams College and editor of The American Culture Wars: Current Contests and Future Prospects.

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