Socialism: A Critical Analysis
Printed at the Riverside Press, 1911 - 329 pages
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Common terms and phrases
action activity adopted analysis appears attempt become capital capitalist cent changes communistic competition coöperation criticism demand determining direct distribution doctrine economic effect Engels equal existing exploitation fact factor fall field follow forces future German given growing hand human ideal important impossible increase individual industrial inevitable influence interest labor later lead less living Marx Marx's Marxian Marxism material matter means ment merely moral movement nature necessary needs organization party political population position possible practical present production profit programme progress proletariat proportion proposals proved radical relations result revolutionary scientific share social socialist society stand standard struggle success surplus value theory of value tion to-day trade true union United Utopian wages wealth whole workers
Page 85 - In the social production which men carry on they enter into definite relations that are indispensable and independent of their will; these relations of production correspond to a definite stage of development of their material powers of production.
Page 36 - ... the duty of erecting and maintaining certain public works and certain public institutions, which it can never be for the interest of any individual, or small number of individuals, to erect and maintain ; because the profit could never repay the expense to any individual or small number of individuals, though it may frequently do much more than repay it to a great society.
Page 20 - The man whose whole life is spent in performing a few simple operations, of which the effects too are, perhaps, always the same, or very nearly the same, has no occasion to exert his understanding, or to exercise his invention in finding out expedients for removing difficulties which never occur. He naturally loses, therefore, the habit of such exertions, and generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is possible for a human creature to become.
Page 53 - Every man, as long as he does not violate the laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own interest his own way, and to bring both his industry and capital into competition with those of any other man, or order of men. The sovereign is completely discharged from a duty, in the attempting to perform which he must always be exposed to innumerable delusions, and for the proper performance of which no human wisdom or knowledge could ever be sufficient; the duty of superintending the industry...
Page 84 - ... the whole history of mankind (since the dissolution of primitive tribal society, holding land in common ownership) has been a history of class struggles, contests between exploiting and exploited, ruling and oppressed classes...
Page 52 - Any general character, from the best to the worst, from the most ignorant to the most enlightened, may be given to any community, even to the world at large, by the application of proper means; which means are to a great extent at the command and under the control of those who have influence in the affairs of men.
Page 53 - All systems either of preference or of restraint, therefore, being thus completely taken away, the obvious and simple system of natural liberty establishes itself of its own accord. Every man, as long as he does not violate the laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own way, and to bring both his industry and capital into competition with those of any other man, or order of men.
Page 85 - From this point of view the final causes of all social changes and political revolutions are to be sought, not in men's brains, not in man's better insight into eternal truth and justice, but in changes in the modes of production and exchange.
Page 121 - Accumulation of wealth at one pole is, therefore, at the same time, accumulation of misery, agony of toil, slavery, ignorance, brutality, mental degradation, at the opposite pole, ie on the side of the class that produces its own product in the form of capital.
Page 85 - At a certain stage of their development the material forces of production in society come into conflict with the existing relations of production...