Socialism in Theory and Practice
MacMillan, 1909 - 361 pages
Pt. I. The socialist philosophy and movement.- Pt. II. Socialism and reform.- Appendix. Historical sketch of the socialist movement.
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activity administration army become Belgium benefit capital capitalist century child citizens civilization conduct constitution coöperative countries crime Democratic direct distribution early economic effect elections employers England entire equal established Europe evils existence fact factory force France functions Germany greater groups hand human important increase independent individual industrial institutions interests International Italy labor labor movement land laws legislation limited material means measures ment methods modern moral municipal nature organization ownership parliament parliamentary period persons political parties popular position practical present principally production progress reforms relations representatives result rule says social socialist movement Socialist Party society struggles suffrage theory tion to-day trade unions United views vote wage wealth whole woman women workers workingmen
Page 52 - In the social production which men carry on they enter into definite relations that are indispensable and independent of their will; these relations of production correspond to a definite stage of development of their material powers of production.
Page 154 - The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.
Page 19 - The body politic is formed by a voluntary association of individuals: it is a social compact, by which the whole people covenants with each citizen and each citizen with the whole people, that all shall be governed by certain laws for the common good.
Page 155 - The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society, has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle in place of the old ones. Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses, however, this distinctive feature; it has simplified the class antagonisms. Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other: Bourgeoisie...
Page 63 - Workers of the world, unite. You have nothing to lose but your chains. You have a world to gain.
Page 52 - The mode of production of material life conditions the general process of social, political and intellectual life. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness.
Page 154 - In the earlier epochs of history, we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders, a manifold gradation of social rank. In ancient Rome we have patricians, knights, plebeians, slaves; in the Middle Ages, feudal lords, vassals, guild masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs; in almost all of these classes, again, subordinate gradations.
Page 48 - Selfish and contentious people will not cohere, and without coherence nothing can be effected. A tribe possessing the above qualities in a high degree would spread and be victorious over other tribes; but in the course of time it would, judging from all past history, be in its turn overcome by some other and still more highly endowed tribe.
Page 91 - The interference of the state power in social relations becomes superfluous in one sphere after another, and then ceases of itself. The government of persons is replaced by the administration of things and the direction of the processes of production. The state is not 'abolished,
Page 69 - ... misdemeanor. (Mosaic law.) The agricultural state, on the other hand, visits the latter with the severest punishment, while it lets the blasphemer go with the lightest punishment. (Old Roman law.) The commercial state punishes most severely the uttering of false coin, the military state insubordination and breach of official duty, the absolute state high treason, the republic the striving after regal power...