Transformation of Resource Conflicts: Approach and Instruments
The collection of contributions to this volume addresses such burning issues as natural resource management, conflict transformation, and co-operation in sub-regions of the Horn of Africa. The individual pieces of action-oriented field research constitute the final report of the international research project on Environmental Conflict Management (ECOMAN). ECOMAN focuses on theory and practice of environmental conflict management in the Horn of Africa. On one hand it draws from the discussion launched in the mid-nineties about environmental security, and about political, legal, and institutional approaches to deal with highly complex and multi-party conflict. On the other hand it refers to traditional and/or local mechanisms of conflict regulations if and when resource use and distribution is involved. It adopts mainly a transformatory approach using process-oriented and interactive problem solving methods.
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According activities actors Adi Shumale administration agreement agricultural allocation animals approach Arab Asmara authorities Borana causes communities concerned conference conflict management conflict resolution conservation construction crop cultivation Darfur degradation discussions distribution elders enterprises environment environmental Eritrea Ethiopia ethnic expansion farm farmers Female forced forests Gahtelai given grazing land groups hand highlands household important increase individual institutions interests involved irrigation issues land live livestock located mainly major Male Married mechanisms ment microdam Ministry natural resources Nuba officials participants parties peace plans political population possible practice present problem production reason regarding region representatives residents respondents result returnees Rezaigat river role rural share side situation social society soil solution strategies Table tion traditional tribal tribes utilization village Zaghawa Zoba