Toward a Tenderer Humanity and a Nobler Womanhood: African American Women's Clubs in Turn-Of-The-Century Chicago

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Anne M. Knupfer, Leonard Silk
NYU Press, 1997 M01 1 - 222 pages
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During the Progressive Era, over 150 African American women's clubs flourished in Chicago. Through these clubs, women created a vibrant social world of their own, seeking to achieve social and political uplift by educating themselves and the members of their communities. In politics, they battled legal discrimination, advocated anti-lynching laws, and fought for suffrage. In the tradition of other mothering, in which the the community shares in the care and raising of all its children, the club women established kindergartens, youth clubs, and homes for the elderly.
In Toward a Tenderer Humanity and a Nobler Womanhood, Anne Meis Knupfer documents how the club women created multiple allegiances through social and club networks and sheds light on the life experiences of African American women in urban centers throughout the country. Drawing upon the primary documents of African American newspapers, journals, and speeches of the time, this book chronicles and analyzes the complexity and richness of the African American club women's lives as they lifted while others climbed.

 

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Contents

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
1856
INTRODUCTION
1860
ONE AFRICAN AMERICAN CLUB WOMENS IDEOLOGIES AND DISCOURSES
1870
TWO AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITIES IN CHICAGO
1889
THREE THE WOMENS CLUBS AND POLITICAL REFORM
1907
FOUR HOMES FOR DEPENDENT CHILDREN YOUNG WORKING GIRLS AND THE ELDERLY
1921
FIVE AFRICAN AMERICAN SETTLEMENTS
1916
SIX LITERARY CLUBS
1890
SEVEN SOCIAL CLUBS
1905
CONCLUSION
APPENDIX 1 AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMENS CLUBS CHICAGO 18901920
APPENDIX 2 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PROMINENT AFRICAN AMERICAN CLUB WOMEN CHICAGO 18901920
NOTES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Anne Meis Knupfer is Visiting Assistant Professor of Educational Studies at Purdue University.

Leonard Silk was economics columnist of The New York Times and Chairman of the Editorial Board of Business Week. Mark Silk is a staff writer for the Atlantic Journal - Constitution and coauthor, with his father, of The American Establishment.

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