Buddhism: Its Essence and Development

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Courier Corporation, 2003 - Religion - 240 pages
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Based on a series of Oxford lectures delivered by a well-known Buddhist scholar, this volume covers the entire range of Buddhist thought. It introduces Buddhism as both religion and philosophy, discusses its common ground with other faiths throughout the world, contrasts monastic and popular Buddhism, and defines old and new schools of thought, including the Mahayana, the Yogacarins, and the Tantra. "He has opened the stately ground of scholarship to the public so that nothing of value and interest shall be missed. His readers are given an opportunity to understand something that has hitherto been only a mystery."--The Times (London) Literary Supplement. Unabridged republication of the edition published by Harper & Brothers, New York, 1959. Index. Bibliography. Timelines. Index of Quotations.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
11
Buddhism as a Philosophy
15
Selfextinction and the Doctrine of Not Self
18
Radical Pessimism
21
Immortality
23
Survival Values
25
COMMON GROUND
27
The Documents
28
Hinayana and Mahayana
121
Literary Development
123
The ideal Man of the Mabayana a Bodhisattva
125
Emptiness
130
Salvation
135
Parallels
140
THE BUDDHISM OF FAITH AND DEVOTION
144
Literary History
146

The Buddha
34
Is Buddhism atheistic?
38
The Four Holy Truths
43
Cosmology
48
MONASTIC BUDDHISM
53
Poverty
54
Monastic Celibacy
58
Inoffensiveness
61
The main currents of Monastic Thought
66
POPULAR BUDDHISM
70
Buddhism and the Temporal Power
72
The Samghas Services
77
The Influence of the Laity
85
THE OLD WISDOM SCHOOL
89
Sariputra
90
Arhats
93
Practices
95
Moral Discipline
96
Trance
99
Wisdom
105
Decline
114
THE MAHAYANA AND THE NEW WISDOM SCHOOL
119
The Agent of Salvation
147
The Aims of the Faithful
152
Methods
157
Selfextinction and Faith
159
THE YOGACARINS
161
Literary History
163
Mindonly
166
Storeconsciousness
168
Further Doctrines
171
THE TANTRA OR MAGICAL BUDDHISM The Problem of the Tantra
174
History of the Tantra
176
Tantric Practices
180
Tantric Philosophy
188
Tantric Mythology
189
Lefthanded Tantra
191
The Control of the Body
197
NONINDIAN DEVELOPMENTS
200
Chan
201
Amidism
205
The Rnyinmapa
207
European Buddhism
210
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